Security Certificates Primer

What are security certificates?

Security Certificates are documents that, due to what human rights groups like CUSJ and ICLMG believe to be a deeply flawed Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, give the Canadian government authority to detain non-Canadians without charge. The cases of Hassan Diab and Mohamed Harkat are examples of Canadian citizens whose lives have been ravaged by the government’s stubborn refusal to update the above act, which has metastasized into the Anti-Terrorism Act (Bill C-51, adopted in a rush after the September 11, 2001 attacks in the US) and the Barbaric Cultural Practices Act (Bill S-7, introduced after the Boston Marathon Bombing in April 2013, and passed into law in 2015).

Security Certificates timeline

2001-Bill C-51 adopted

See above.

2002-Mohamed Harkat detained

In 2002, Mohamed Harkat (Arabic: محمد حركات‎), born August 6, 1968, in Algeria and a permanent resident of Canada, was arrested on suspicion of ties to terrorism and was imprisoned under a security certificate based on allegations by Canadian Security Intelligence Service (CSIS) that he entered the country as a sleeper agent for al-Qaeda.  Many human rights groups, CUSJ among them, believe that his detention is unconstitutional.  He has not seen the evidence against him and has not had any kind of open, fair trial.

2012 and 2013-The ICLMG and CUSJ reach out

The ICLMG undertook a letter campaign to stop the then-proposed Bill S-7, which in addition to promoting racism and xenophobia, allowed the government to arrest “potential terrorists” without trial and to hold them indefinitely.  CUSJ members Bob Staveley and Bob Stevenson, both also ICLMG members, were active in this campaign. The CUSJ wrote to the Minister of Justice to express its concerns.

In 2013, CUSJ participated in this campaign by writing a Letter to MPs on Bill S-7 opposing renewal of Security Certificate legislation.

CUSJ also supported the documentary film:  The Secret Trial 5, which described the psychology behind the rise of bills like C-51 and S-7 (which will be familiar to readers of Naomi Klein’s Shock Doctrine), and which shows how families affected by these bills have suffered.


November 2014-Hassan Diab detained

Hassan Diab was extradited from Canada and placed in pre-trial detention in France, pending investigation into a 1980 bombing of a Paris synagogue.

2015-Bill S-7 passed

2016-not giving up

In January 2016, CUSJ passed a motion in support of Hassan Diab. CUSJ also wrote to the new Liberal Government requesting a change in policy.

What you can do

  1. WRITE to the Minister of Justice, Jody Wilson Raybould. The ICLMG site has several useful links to this end. Please share a copy of your letter with



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